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3D Printing Materials Selection Guide

Check our guide to choose the required properties for your 3D printing project among over 30 materials

The ultimate material selection guide for all 3D printing services available at Xometry: selective laser sintering (SLS), HP Multi Jet Fusion (HP MJF), fused deposition modeling (FDM), stereolithography (SLA) and Carbon DLS™.

PolymersMaterials
RigidABS-M30, ABS-ESD7, ABS-SL-7820, ASA, Nylon 11, Nylon 12 Carbon-Filled, Nylon 12 Glass-Filled, PC – ABS Polycarbonate, PC-ISO, PC – Like Heat Resist Translucent, Polycarbonate, PLA, PETG, PEEK, ULTEM 1010, ULTEM 9085, Watershed XC 11122, Xtreme Grey Polypropylene, Xtreme White 200, RPU 70, FPU 50, EPX 82, DPR 10, UMA 90, CE 221
FlexibleFlex Whitish TPU/TPE-like, Estane 3D TPU M95A
Rubber-LikeSIL 30, EPU 40

Rigid Plastics

ABS M30

This is a high impact resistant and tough material: it has a glass transition temperature of about 105°C. It is highly resistant to aqueous, phosphorus and hydrochloric acids. However, it can be damaged by sunlight. It is useful in the production of drain/waste pipes, inhalers, housings for electrical/electronic components and musical instruments. 

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

ABS ESD7

This is a durable thermoplastic with electrostatic-dissipative properties. It is particularly suitable in applications where static charges can cause damage to products or explosions. It is widely applied in the manufacturing of jigs and fixtures for electronic components. 

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

ABS SL 782

With a black appearance, this material is rigid and tough. It allows for accurate and robust build with good surface finish and detail. It has a heat deflection temperature of 51°C with tensile strength of 45MPa. It is used for automobile components, consumer packaging, electronic coverings and toys.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLA

Price: $$$$

ASA

This is an amorphous thermoplastic with improved weather resistance. It is widely used in prototyping in 3D printing due to its UV resistance and excellent mechanical properties. It has good resistance to chemicals and heat, with a glass transition temperature of 100°C. ASA is available in a large variety of colours.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

Nylon PA11

This material is highly impact resistant with a shore hardness of 80. It has a heat deflection temperature of 180°C with excellent resistance to hydrocarbons. It is 100% biocompatible with up to 70% reusability. It is used for cases and containers of consumer goods.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: MJF, SLS

Price: $

Nylon PA12

Nylon PA 12 is one of the most popular 3D printing materials. It has good mechanical properties such as toughness, tensile strength and impact strength. This material can also be flexed without fracture. It has a melting point of 178°C with low water absorption. It is broadly used for sterilized films for packaging materials in the food and pharmaceutical fields.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLS, MJF, FDM

Price: $$

Nylon PA12 Glass-Filled

Compared to the Nylon PA12, this has enhanced compressive strength with improved heat distortion temperature. Parts produced are consistent and durable. Its stiffness allows for the production of components for automotive, aerospace and consumer products.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLS, MJF

Price: $$$

Nylon 12 Carbon-Filled

The blend of Nylon 12 resin with chopped carbon fibre gives this material excellent structural properties. The carbon fibre occupies 35% of its weight. This allows for distinct freedom of design. It has wide applications in automobile, industrial and recreational industries.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $$

PC – ABS Polycarbonate

This material offers easy modifications by addition of glass fibre and minerals. It has good impact resistance and improved toughness compared to ABS. However, it has low continuous service temperature. It is used in components for automotive interior and exterior, computers and electrical enclosures.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $$

PC – ISO Polycarbonate

It has a tensile strength of 57MPa with a heat deflection temperature of 133°C. It is a strong, heat resistant material. It is biocompatible resulting in its broad use in food and drug packaging.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $$

PC-Like Heat Resist Translucent (Accura 48)

This is best suited for parts that require high strength and stiffness with high temperature resistance. It is widely used for the manufacturing prototypes of electronic and lighting components. It provides enhanced feature details.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLA

Price: $$$

PC – Polycarbonate

FDM printing Polycarbonate (white)

Polycarbonate is a tough and amorphous material with high impact strength, stability and good electrical properties. It has a wider temperature range of usage with heat deflection temperature of 140°C. It is commonly used for the production of safety helmets, lenses for car headlamps and bullet-proof glasses. It is comparable to PMMA.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $$

PLA

This material is made from renewable resources including starch and sugarcane. It is completely biodegradable. It has good mechanical properties with glass transition temperature of 55°C and melting point of 180°C. It is used in the food and medical industry. It is also used for structural applications such as fibres and insulation.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

PETG

This material has significant chemical resistance, durability and good formability. It has low forming temperatures making it popular in consumer applications. It is commonly used for food containers and bottles for liquid beverages. However, its soft surface makes it prone to wear.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

PEEK

It has excellent resistance to harsh chemicals with high mechanical strength and dimensional stability. It has the ability to retain its stiffness at elevated temperatures and can be employed for continuous use at temperatures up to 170°C. It is used in aerospace, oil and gas and semiconductor production.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: FDM 

Price: $

ULTEM 1010

This material has the highest heat resistance, chemical resistance and tensile strength compared to other FDM thermoplastics. It is available in transparent, opaque and glass-filled grade. It has broad application in custom tools for metal or plastic parts fabrication, medical tools and temperature resistant dies.

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

ULTEM 9085

This has a high strength-to-weight ratio, high impact strength with good heat resistance. It is highly flame retardant. It is used in the production of prototypes as well as tools such as jigs, fixtures, composite moulds etc. It is comparable to nylon 6.68 (9800).

3D Printing Technology: FDM

Price: $

Watershed XC 11122 ABS/PBT-Like

This is a low viscous material that produces parts that are strong, tough, water-resistant and most importantly, nearly colourless. It is ideal for the production of lenses, concept models, medical and consumer electronics. It is comparable to standard ABS in mechanical and thermal properties.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLA

Price: $$$$

Xtreme Grey Polypropylene

This material has excellent toughness and is resistant to breakage. It has tensile strength ranging from 38 – 44MPa with a heat deflection temperature of 62°C. It is ideal for snap fits used in enclosures for consumer and electronic products.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLA

Price: $$$

Xtreme White 200 Polypropylene

It has high elongation at break, high impact strength with excellent toughness. It is stiff and durable. Its glass transition temperature is 52°C. It offers a stunning white finish with clean sidewall quality. It is applied in general purpose prototyping and snap fits.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLA

Price: $$$

RPU 70 (Rigid Polyurethane)

This is a stiff material with high strength. It has moderate resistance to heat with heat deflection temperature of 60°C. It provides excellent surface finish. It is used for housings, clips, covers, and brackets across a wide range of industries.

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3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

FPU 50 (Flexible Polyurethane)

This resin is robust and semi-rigid. It is suitable for applications that require toughness to withstand repetitive loading. It has a tensile strength of 29MPA with heat deflection of 78°C.

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3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

EPX 82 (Epoxy)

This material has an excellent blend of toughness, stiffness, temperature resistance and high tensile strength of 82MPa. Its UV and thermal stability makes it suitable for a wide range of applications including housings, light fixtures, jigs and more. It allows for accurate designs.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

DPR 10 (Digital Production Resin)

This material offers high accuracy and quick printability. It has a heat deflection temperature of 61°C. Its rigidity makes it suitable for models and dies.

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3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

UMA 90 (Urethane Methacrylate)

It produces smooth surface finish with excellent mechanical properties. It has high stiffness and strength. It is perfect for the production of prototypes. It has a tensile strength of 46MPA it has a  heat deflection temperature of 51°C.

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3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

CE 221 (Cyanate Ester)

This resin has long-term thermal stability with glass transition temperature of about 225°C. It is useful for electronic and industrial components. It has a tensile strength of 92MPA.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

Flexible Plastics

Flex Whitish TPU/TPE–Like

This material combines rubber like qualities with high resistance to abrasion and chemical tolerance. It bends easily and returns to its original shape without deformation. It is extremely durable. It is comparable to white ABS 3mm.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: SLS

Price: $

Estane 3D TPU M95A

It has easy and quick printability. It is semi flexible with wear and tear resistance. Its corrosion resistance makes it suitable for applications with many industrial oils and chemicals. It elongates up to 580% at break. It is used in manufacturing projects that require both rubber and plastic properties.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: MJF

Price: $

Rubber-Like Plastics

SIL 30

This material is biocompatible as well as tear resistant. It provides comfortable skin contact. It is used in the printing of headphones, wristbands and other wearables. It has a glass transition temperature of 10°C with a shore hardness of 35. It is comparable to commercial TPE.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$

EPU 40 (Elastic polyurethane)

This type of resin is useful for ornaments and mechanical parts. It has high elastic behavior under both tensile and compressive stress. It has a tensile strength of 10MPA and can elongate up to 310%.

Download spec sheet

3D Printing Technology: Carbon DLS

Price: $$$$


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